Waste Management

Solid waste can broadly be classified into two categories. According to Indian MSW, Rules 2000 "Municipal Solid Waste" includes commercial and domestic wastes generated in a municipal or notified area in either solid or semi-solid form excluding industrial hazardous wastes but including treated bio-medical wastes. Solid waste also includes hazardous waste generated by various industries.

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) can further be classified into biodegradable waste (such as food and kitchen waste); recyclable materials (such as paper, glass, bottles, metals and certain plastics) and domestic hazardous waste (such as medication, chemicals, light bulbs and batteries).

Solid waste management is one of the major challenges faced by many countries around the globe. Inadequate collection, recycling or treatment and uncontrolled disposal of waste in dumps can lead to severe hazards, such as health risks and environmental pollution.

The management of solid waste typically involves its collection, transport, processing and recycling or disposal.

Collection includes the gathering of solid waste and recyclable materials, and the transport of these materials, after collection, to the location where the collection vehicle is emptied. This location may be a material processing facility, a transfer station or a landfill disposal site.

Waste disposal today is done primarily by land filling or closure of existing dump sites. Modern sanitary landfills are not dumps; they are engineered facilities used for disposing of solid wastes on land without creating hazards to public health or safety, such as the breeding of insects and the contamination of ground water.

Solar Powered Bin:

The futuristic model can take eight times as much rubbish as a normal bin of the same size.

Machinery inside the bin compacts litter automatically, and an internal computer is programmed to send an email to the council when the bin needs to be emptied.

Eight hours of daylight per month is enough to power the bin's electronic devices, as well as the metal compressor which crushes rubbish at regular intervals.